The main areas of autumn grain production, especially in Northeast China, Huang-Huai-Hai, and Northwest China grew better than last year. In the face of the epidemic, the ups and downs of the international agricultural market, and a series of droughts, China’s grain harvest have not come easily, and it has effectively ensured food security. China’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said that this year’s autumn grain area exceeded 86.7 million hectares, and most of the autumn grain growth was good especially corn.
Corn accounted for more than half of autumn China’s grain output and was generally better than last year. Autumn grain is the main part of China’s annual production, accounting for 75% of annual output. By Sept. 20, China had harvested 15.7 million hectares of autumn grain, 18.1 percent of the total and 0.9 percent faster than last year. By region, more than half of the crops have been harvested in the southwest, the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and southern China accounted for about 20 percent of the autumn grain harvest, the northwest for about 15 percent, while it was sporadic in the Huang-Huai-Hai and northeastern regions.
The National Food and Strategic Reserves Administration has made a scheduling analysis of the autumn grain purchase situation and is expected to buy about 185 million tons in the peak season. Influenced by various adverse factors such as repeated outbreaks of the new Covid-19 epidemic and “dry up in flood season” in the Yangtze River basin, domestic grain production and supply have experienced a difficult challenge this year. However, with the promotion of a series of national and local agricultural support policies, the agricultural disaster prevention and mitigation capacity has been continuously improved while the rate of agricultural natural disasters has been reduced.
In addition, all parts of the country improved the quality of land preparation, increased the amount of sowing and raised the application of base fertilizer to reduce the impact of late sowing. This year, China’s total output of summer grain was 147.39 million tons, an increase of 1.43 million tons over the previous year, up 1% year on year; The yield of summer grain per hectare reached 5.56 tons, an increase of 34.5 kg over the previous year. The summer grain production not only increased but also the wheat quality was significantly better than that of the previous year.